The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is a division of the Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, and is responsible for regulating therapeutic goods including medicines, medical devices, blood and blood products.
This includes goods that we rely on every day, such as sunscreens, through to goods used to treat serious conditions, for example prescription medicines, vaccines, blood products and implants.
Essentially, any product for which therapeutic claims are made must be either listed, registered or included in the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG) before it can be supplied in Australia.
The TGA evaluates therapeutic goods before they are marketed and monitors products once they are on the market, it also assesses the suitability of medicines and medical devices for export from Australia.
The TGA also regulates manufacturers of therapeutic goods to ensure they meet acceptable standards of manufacturing quality. It has a team of manufacturing inspectors that audit manufacturing facilities around the world to ensure that products supplied in Australia are of high quality.
The TGA administers the Therapeutic Goods Act 1989. This legislation provides a framework for a risk management approach that allows the Australian community to have timely access to therapeutic goods which are consistently safe, effective and of high quality.
The TGA works with consumers, health professionals, industry and its international counterparts in order to effectively regulate increasingly complex products resulting from rapid scientific developments.
From the TGA website